By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of India , meaning the “land of Hindus”. These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas foreigners or Mlecchas barbarians , with the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th-century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase “Hindu dharma”. The term Hinduism, then spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India. In India the term dharma is preferred, which is broader than the Western term religion. The study of India and its cultures and religions, and the definition of “Hinduism”, has been shaped by the interests of colonialism and by Western notions of religion. Hindu denominations AUM , a stylised letter of Devanagari script, used as a religious symbol in Hinduism Hinduism as it is commonly known can be subdivided into a number of major currents. Of the historical division into six darsanas philosophies , two schools, Vedanta and Yoga , are currently the most prominent. McDaniel classifies Hinduism into six major kinds and numerous minor kinds, in order to understand expression of emotions among the Hindus. He classifies most Hindus as belonging by choice to one of the “founded religions” such as Vaishnavism and Shaivism that are salvation-focussed and often de-emphasize Brahman priestly authority yet incorporate ritual grammar of Brahmanic-Sanskritic Hinduism.

Hindu Philosophy

Christian denominations hold a variety of views on the issue of homosexual activity, ranging from outright condemnation to complete acceptance. Most Christian denominations welcome people attracted to the same sex, but teach that homosexual acts are sinful. Some Christian denominations do not view monogamous same sex relationships as bad or evil.

WIKIPEDIA ON “HINDUISM”. Although Wikipedia is a collective of opinions from many different people, and is not necessarily authoritative, the Wikipedia description of Hinduism is revealing.

Everywhere you look, you will find people that are indifferent about God and faith, you will find people that are obsessed with anti-religion propaganda and you will find people that live their lives according to what they believe and what they proclaim. This is mainly the basic definition of religion, which is also accepted by most religious leaders.

This article covers the differences between Christianity and Hinduism. Christianity is a belief in Jesus Christ, who was crucified two thousand years ago on Calvary, Jerusalem, which is now spread all over the world. The main difference between these 2 religions is that Christianity recognizes one omnipotent God in three persons, while Hinduism has in its roots thousands of gods and believing that all of them are a manifestation of one god and one omnipotent power.

A religion which does not have a founder, like Jesus Christ who is the central and vital part of Christianity. A big and interesting difference in the attitudes of these religions and their followers is the fact that Hinduism tolerates Christianity while Christianity is totally opposed to Hinduism because any other form of worship that is not approved by the Bible is an anathema and a sin to the Christian world.

Difference between Christianity and Hinduism

People have been practicing mindfulness for thousands of years, whether by itself or as part of a larger tradition. This article will cover some of the Eastern traditions which have embraced mindfulness, as well as how it has become popular in the West. In general, it can be said that mindfulness was mostly popularized in the East by religious and spiritual institutions, while in the West its popularity can be traced to particular people and secular institutions.

Of course, even the secular tradition of mindfulness in the West owes its roots to Eastern religion and even certain practitioners of Eastern religions. This is where any discussion of the history of mindfulness should begin. Before we begin, a quick note — some commentators argue that the history of mindfulness should not be reduced to Buddhism and Hinduism, as mindfulness also has roots in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Trousselard et al.

Hinduism for Beginners An concise introduction to the Eternal Path to Liberation By Pandit Ram Sivan (Srirama Ramanuja Achari) Simha Publications.

The word yoga was first mentioned in the oldest sacred texts, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were a collection of texts containing songs, mantras and rituals to be used by Brahmans, the Vedic priests. Yoga was slowly refined and developed by the Brahmans and Rishis mystic seers who documented their practices and beliefs in the Upanishads, a huge work containing over scriptures. The Upanishads took the idea of ritual sacrifice from the Vedas and internalized it, teaching the sacrifice of the ego through self-knowledge, action karma yoga and wisdom jnana yoga.

Classical Yoga In the pre-classical stage, yoga was a mishmash of various ideas, beliefs and techniques that often conflicted and contradicted each other. Written some time in the second century, this text describes the path of Raja Yoga, often called “classical yoga”.

Indian philosophy

The Irish Origins of Civilization. Visit Michael at unslaved. In Ireland they lost their priestly functions after the coming of Christianity and survived as poets, historians, and judges filid, senchaidi, and brithemain. Many scholars believe that the Hindu Brahman in the East and the Celtic Druid in the West were lateral survivals of an ancient Indo-European priesthood.

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast sm has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal tradition”, or the “eternal way”, beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various.

While most cultures base their cosmologies on familiar units such as few hundreds or thousands of years, the Hindu concept of time embraces billions and trillions of years. Hindu sages describe time as cyclic, an endless procession of creation, preservation and dissolution. Scientists such as Carl Sagan have expressed amazement at the accuracy of space and time descriptions given by the ancient rishis and saints, who fathomed the secrets of the universe through their mystically awakened senses.

He praised the Vedas in his Sons of God, and said,: Name of us any modern discovery, and we venture to say that Indian history need not long be searched before the prototype will be found on record. Here we are with the transit of science half accomplished, and all our Vedic ideas in process of readjustment to the theories of force correlation, natural selection, atomic polarity and evolution. And here, to mock our conceit, our apprehension, and our despair, we may read what Manu said, perhaps 10, years before the birth of Christ:

Yoga Basics

Hinduism , the religion of nearly one billion people mostly of South Asian provenance or descent, is notoriously difficult to define or even to describe with accuracy and comprehensiveness. Like all complex and ancient religious traditions, it is problematic to speak about Hinduism as if it were one monolithic religion rather than merely a label for many different traditions. The conglomeration of religious traditions sheltered under this umbrella incorporates a bewildering array of texts, beliefs, practices, and sects—so disparate a collection that some modern scholars have questioned the legitimacy of artificially unifying them.

According to these scholars, one cannot really speak about a single Hinduism but at best only a variety of Hinduisms. Defining Hinduism The word Hinduism itself derives from one of the principal rivers of South Asia, the Indus, and was probably first used by the ancient Persians to designate the people and territory of the northwestern portion of the subcontinent.

Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast sm has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal tradition”, or the “eternal way”, beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various.

The Dalai Lama has said: But if I were to say that Hinduism and Buddhism are totally different, it would not be in conformity with truth. Who is a Hindu? The Bhagavad Gita doctrine of lokasmgraha good of humanity and of Divine Incarnation influenced the Mahayana or the Northern school of Buddhism. This quasi-historical notice, reduced to its less allegorical expression means that Mahayanism is much indebted to the Bhagavadgita and more even to Shaivism.

It may be called a reform within Hinduism. The formative years of Buddhism were spent in the Hindu religious environment. It shares in a large measure the basic pre suppositons of Hinduism. It is a product of the Hindu religious ethos. Religion and Culture – By S. The origin of Christianity is due also to Buddhist influence.

Sita’s Agnipariksha in Ramayan

Neo-Hindu Philosophy beginning in the 19th century C. Hindu philosophy is difficult to narrow down to a definite doctrine because Hinduism itself, as a religion, resists identification with any well worked out doctrine. Prior to the modern period of history, authors that we think of as Hindus did not identify themselves by that title. Its historical usage is thus an umbrella term that identifies many related religious and philosophical traditions that are not clearly part of another Indian tradition, such as Buddhism and Jainism.

However, many of the ideas and practices commonly associated with Hinduism can be found in adjacent Indian religio-philosophical traditions, such as Buddhism and Jainism.

The Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism and Christianity. The Dalai Lama has said: “When I say that Buddhism is part of Hinduism, certain people criticize me. But if I were to say that Hinduism and Buddhism are totally different, it would not be in conformity with truth.”.

While Radhakrishnan , Oldenberg and Neumann were convinced of Upanishadic influence on the Buddhist canon, Eliot and Thomas highlighted the points where Buddhism was opposed to Upanishads. Buddhist kings continued to revere Hindu deities and teachers and many Buddhist temples were built under the patronage of Hindu rulers. Kalidas’ work shows the ascension of Hinduism at the expense of Buddhism. It is commonly understood as a term to denote the entire cycle of cause and effect as described in the philosophies of a number of cosmologies, including those of Buddhism and Hinduism.

Karma is a central part of Buddhist teachings. In pre-Buddhist Vedic culture, karma has to do with whether or not the ritualistic actions are correctly performed. Little emphasis is placed on moral conduct in the early Vedic conception. Buddhist teachings carry a markedly different meaning from pre-Buddhist conceptions of karma. The general concept of dharma forms a basis for philosophies, beliefs and practices originating in India.

The four main ones are Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism Jaina Dharma , and Sikhism Sikha Dharma , all of whom retain the centrality of dharma in their teachings. In these traditions, beings that live in harmony with dharma proceed more quickly toward, according to the tradition, Dharma Yukam , Moksha , or Nirvana personal liberation. Dharma can refer generally to religious duty , and also mean social order, right conduct, or simply virtue.

Buddha[ edit ] The term “Buddha” too has appeared in Hindu scriptures before the birth of Gautama Buddha. This is a symbolic hand-gesture expressing an emotion.

Difference between Christianity and Hinduism

General considerations Significance of Indian philosophies in the history of philosophy In relation to Western philosophical thought, Indian philosophy offers both surprising points of affinity and illuminating differences. The differences highlight certain fundamentally new questions that the Indian philosophers asked. The similarities reveal that, even when philosophers in India and the West were grappling with the same problems and sometimes even suggesting similar theories, Indian thinkers were advancing novel formulations and argumentations.

Problems that the Indian philosophers raised for consideration, but that their Western counterparts never did, include such matters as the origin utpatti and apprehension jnapti of truth pramanya. Problems that the Indian philosophers for the most part ignored but that helped shape Western philosophy include the question of whether knowledge arises from experience or from reason and distinctions such as that between analytic and synthetic judgments or between contingent and necessary truths.

Indian thought, therefore, provides the historian of Western philosophy with a point of view that may supplement that gained from Western thought.

Christianity vs Hinduism. There’s much talking about religions and faith in the world today. Everywhere you look, you will find people that are indifferent about God and faith, you will find people that are obsessed with anti-religion propaganda and you will find people that live their lives according to what they believe and what they proclaim.

One diversion is the now common and incorrect view that Yoga is a physical fitness program, rather than a process of moving towards the realization of the unity Yoga of the individual and the universal consciousness. This is addressed in the article Modern Yoga versus Traditional Yoga. The other diversion is the view that Yoga is but one aspect of a religion known as Hinduism.

However, few of these modern Yoga practitioners realize that it is extremely questionable whether there even exists a singular, unified religion known as “Hinduism”. Rather than being religious, the word “Hindu” historically was a geographic, social, and cultural term. The Indic history is one of tremendous diversity of principles and practices, and has only recently in history been invented into the concept of a single, homogenized “religion” called “Hinduism”.

If there is, in fact, no unified religion known as Hinduism, then it can hardly be accurately claimed that Yoga is part of that religion, much less that Yoga itself is “a religion”. See also the paper by Dr. The origins and usages of the terms are not universally agreed upon. As you’ll see in the references below, “Hindu” and “Hinduism” have been variously used to describe one or another of culture, geography, or religion.

‘Hindu beliefs are fascinating’ part